The Universe began with a singularity in space-time. After the initial explosion, the Universe started to expand, cool and condense, forming matter. As part of this ongoing process the Sun and the Solar System were formed over 4x109 years ago from a gas cloud which resulted from a supernova explosion. The condensing gas and dust that formed the Sun and the planets contained all its original elements. The planets were formed when matter came together under the influence of gravity.
This module increases students’ understanding of the history of physics, implications of physics for society and the environment and current issues, research and developments in physics.
Domain: knowledge and understanding:
Refer to the Science Stages 4–5 Syllabus for the following:
5.6.5a Identify that energy may be released from the nuclei of atoms.
5.7.1a Ddescribe the features and location of protons, neutrons and electrons
in the atom.
5.9.1a Discuss current scientific thinking about the origin of the Universe.
5.9.1c Describe some of the difficulties in obtaining information about the Universe.
5.9.3a Relate some major features of the Universe to theories about the formation
of the Universe.
5.9.3b Describe some changes that are likely to take place during the life of a star.